International Consultant for Final Project Evaluation, Home based, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Organization: UNDP - United Nations Development Programme

Country: Home-based

Closing date: Monday, 26 October 2020

International Consultant for Final Project Evaluation

Location : Home Based, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

Application Deadline : 26-Oct-20 (Midnight New York, USA)

Type of Contract : Individual Contract

Post Level : International Consultant

Languages Required : English

Duration of Initial Contract : November - December 2020

Expected Duration of Assignment : Up to 22 expert days

UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence. UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.

Background

NOTE: Signed Offeror’s Letter to UNDP Confirming Interest and Availability - https://www.ba.undp.org/content/dam/bosnia_and_herzegovina/docs/Operations/Jobs/Offerors%20Letter%20to%20UNDP%20Confirming%20Interest%20and%20Availability.docx - Letter to UNDP Confirming Interest and Availability.docx - to be sent to e-mail ba.shared.hr@undp.org with Subject: Job ID 94666.

From an energy consumption perspective, Bosnia and Herzegovina is characterized as a country with very high inefficiency within the residential, non-residential/public, industry, and service sector. At the same time, Bosnia and Herzegovina has one of the most significant energy conservation potentials in the region and could base its further mid-term economic development and generation of new employment on energy efficiency improvement measures in the residential and public sector. Moreover, the average energy consumption of a public building in Bosnia and Herzegovina is three times higher than the average in the countries of the European Union (EU). In accordance with the EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme - EMAS, public buildings across the country are categorized as completely energy inefficient. In order to meet energy intensive consumption demands, a significant amount of budget funds must be allocated for energy expenditures of public buildings (educational, health, cultural, municipal and entity/state institutions etc.) representing a major proportion of the already inadequate public budget.

The energy sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina is organized according to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, positioning the entity line ministries (of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska) as the key players in the Energy Efficiency / Renewable Sources framework while giving the state-wide level, represented by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina a coordinating/reporting role for multilateral binding agreements. As such, the direct implementation of the Energy Efficiency / Renewable Sources related activities and EU acquis [1] (such as achieving energy saving targets, energy monitoring, enforcements of legislations, financing mechanisms etc.) is to be carried out on the entity/cantonal levels.

Bosnia and Herzegovina adopted the National Energy Efficiency Action Plan for the period of 2016-2018, while the next Plan 2019-2021 should be adopted by the end of 2020 and National Energy and Climate Plan for the period of 2021-2030 is in drafting phase. These are the important steps towards fulfilling the requirements from the Energy Community Treaty [2]. In addition, Framework Energy Strategy of Bosnia and Herzegovina until 2035 was adopted in August 2018, creating conditions to draw IPA funds and funds from the Western Balkans Investment Framework (WBIF) for the energy sector, as well as to attract investors to the sector. Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina has adopted updated the Renewables Action Plan in November 2018 and set tentative targets for the share of renewable energy in the total final consumption in the heating and cooling, electricity, and transportation sectors until 2020. At the end of 2018, two regulations regarding energy efficiency certification of buildings were adopted: Decree on the conditions for granting and revoking authorizations for performing energy audits and energy certification of buildings, and Decree on conducting energy audits and issuing energy certificates in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 2019, the Rulebook on energy efficiency information system and energy management in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina was adopted. Adoption of the relevant legislative and strategic frameworks in the area of energy management sets foundations for further development of energy efficiency, renewable energy, and energy management sector in the country, however there is a lot of work ahead in order to fulfil all obligations in accordance with the Energy Community Treaty.

Country context related to COVID - 19. On March 11, 2020 the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a global pandemic. While the disease was slow to spread to Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Western Balkan countries at first, since February 2020 the number of confirmed cases is climbing rapidly. A state of emergency was declared in Bosnia and Herzegovina by both entity governments on 16 March 2020 [3] and at the state level - on 17 March 2020 [4].

While new cases continue to appear throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina and in steady numbers, the stabilization trendline is visible with a plateau which currently allows the health system to maintain control and sufficient response capacities. The number of active daily cases per 100,000 population is estimated at 178,8 (8th September); and the weekly number of new cases per 100,000 population at 51,50 (first week of September). Confirmed cases in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as reported on 8 September 2020, is 21,961 and deaths reported as associated with covid-19 is 669. The R-factor (or reproduction number, indicating the number of people that one infected person will pass the virus on to, on average) has dropped to 1.04 for Bosnia and Herzegovina in the past two weeks, signalling a manageable epidemiological situation.

COVID situation has had a significant impact on the project implementation, particularly in the part of Energy Efficiency / Renewable Sources infrastructure measures in public buildings and public lighting systems. Infrastructural measures account for approximately 74% of the total 2020 project delivery target. Moreover, for the infrastructure works, the co-financing from local governments must be ensured in the amount from 50% to 70% of the total value of the investment which was challenging from the beginning of the COVID - 19 situation. In general, there are still present uncertainties in the budgets of the sub-national/local governments planned for infrastructure works for energy efficiency and renewable energy measures.

About the Project

Project title

Green Economic Development 2nd phase

Atlas ID

00105415

Corporate outcome and output

UNDP Strategic Plan Outcome 1; Output 2.5.2

Country

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Date project document signed

24.01.2018.

Project dates

1 February 2018

28 February 2021

Beginning

End

Project budget

20.5 mill USD

Project expenditure at the time of evaluation

9,283,901

Funding source

Government of Sweden and Local Governments

Implementing party

UNDP

Funded by the Government of Sweden, the Green Economic Development 2nd phase (GED II) project, contributes to faster creation of an environment attractive for Energy Efficiency / Renewable Sources investments in the public and residential sector, generation of new employment and creation of clear energy monitoring and targets achieving mechanisms in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The project is a follow up to the Green Economic Development project (September 2007 - December 2022).

The overall objective of the Green Economic Development 2nd phase project is to contribute to creation of a favorable environment for investing in Energy Efficiency / Renewable Sources infrastructure measures in Bosnia and Herzegovina, thus contributing to Bosnia and Herzegovina’s EU accession process, targeting the Energy Performance Building Directive, Energy Efficiency Directive and Renewable Energy Directive. The project specific objectives/outcomes focus on enabling all levels of governments in Bosnia and Herzegovina to monitor, analyze and evaluate energy consumption, costs, emission, energy investments and savings data from public sector buildings, as well as to support energy efficiency and renewable energy targets (in accordance with the Energy Community Treaty and its obligations) by providing financial support to Energy Efficiency / Renewable Sources infrastructure works.

Specifically, the project outcomes are: Outcome 1: To develop capacity and strengthen skills of Environmental Fund staff;
Outcome 2: To develop capacity and strengthen skills of energy professionals;
Outcome 3: To establish energy monitoring and reporting mechanisms in Bosnia and Herzegovina;
Outcome 4: To enable financing for Energy Efficiency / Renewable Sources infrastructure projects in Bosnia and Herzegovina;
Outcome 5: To implement cost-optimal, green jobs generating and emission reducing Energy Efficiency / Renewable Sources infrastructure projects in Bosnia and Herzegovina;
Outcome 6: To increase general public’s understanding of Energy Efficiency / Renewable Sources benefits;
Outcome 7: To provide access to energy for off grid households in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Detailed outline of the Project Result Framework is available in Annex 1.

Partnerships: Project Board, consisted of representatives from the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina and both entity Environmental Funds, is responsible for providing strategic guidance and overseeing the Green Economic Development 2nd phase project implementation. The project partners with different levels of governments in Bosnia and Herzegovina to implement specific project components. Green Economic Development 2nd phase project created partner relationships with 8 Cantonal and 35 Local Governments for the purpose of implementation of infrastructural works. Additionally, the project has a successful partnership with relevant entities ministries in the field of energy and environmental protection with whom it works closely on capacity building and development of reporting mechanisms. Overview of key stakeholders and partners and their roles in evaluation is provided in Annex 2.

Target groups and beneficiaries: Final beneficiaries of the Green Economic Development 2nd phase project are the users of public buildings, health, educational and cultural institutions in which the infrastructural works on improvement of energy efficiency are implemented, citizens and local communities in participating local governments with improved public lightning systems, municipal authorities with reporting mechanisms in place, and public sector buildings monitored through Energy Management Information System (EMIS). It is expected that by the end of the project, 90 municipal authorities will have the reporting mechanisms in place and that 7,000 public sector buildings will be monitored through EMIS database and trained on EMIS use, 600 stakeholders participated in the training programme for energy management, skills and knowledge development, as well as 24 households provided with renewable energy solutions in off grid areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina.